Policing in Indigenous Communities

First Nations Policing Program

Public Safety Canada provides funding to support policing services that are professional, dedicated and responsive to the First Nation and Inuit communities they serve. The Program operates in accordance with the First Nations Policing Policy, a national framework for the provision of policing services in First Nation and Inuit communities. Policing services are supported through tripartite policing agreements among the federal government, provincial or territorial governments, and First Nation or Inuit communities. The federal and provincial/territorial governments each provide funding for these agreements.

There are two main types of policing agreements:

In 2015-2016, the FNPP provided over $120 million in funding for:

Funding for First Nation and Inuit Policing Facilities

In the November 2018, the Government of Canada created a new program, Funding for First Nation and Inuit Policing Facilities, to provide better policing infrastructure for the people who live and work in Indigenous communities.

Through the program, the Government of Canada is investing $88.6 million over seven years, starting in 2019, to improve policing facilities in First Nation and Inuit communities. These investments will support First Nation and Inuit communities to ensure their policing infrastructure meets building, policing facility, and health and safety standards. 

Moving Forward

Much has changed in the policing world since the early 1990s, when the First Nations Policing Policy was first introduced. Although the Program has had a measurable and positive impact in the First Nation and Inuit communities in which it operates, Indigenous communities continue to face higher crime rates than the rest of Canada, with unique socio-economic factors.  

The Honourable Ralph Goodale

“I want to listen very carefully to hear what you have to say and to benefit from the advice and the wisdom that you represent.”

-The Honourable Ralph Goodale, Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness, speaking at the Assembly of First Nations’ Indigenous Public Safety and Policing Forum on March 30, 2016 in Regina, SK.

The Government of Canada is committed to building a renewed relationship with Indigenous Peoples, with the chance to reset this important relationship based on respect, cooperation and partnership. This includes working more closely with Indigenous organizations and communities to support shared priorities and better address their needs. Policing and community safety is no exception. For example:

Moving forward, Public Safety Canada will continue to engage with Indigenous organizations and communities, as well as provincial and territorial governments, to ensure that Indigenous communities across the country continue to benefit from professional, dedicated, and culturally responsive policing

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